POPULATION (2015): 11,613,423




Maximum E85 use:674 Million GPY
FFVs in use:894,979
E85 stations:159
Flex Station implied demand:+287
Maximum E15 use:3.9 Billion GPY
EPA approved E15 vehicles:8,007,045
E15 Station implied demand:+3,167

Fuel specifications



Reid Vapor Pressure:

Retailers in Butler, Clark, Clermont, Greene, Hamilton, Montgomery and Warren are required to sell 7.8 psi RVP from June 1-September 15.

Contact information for key state regulatory agencies

Department of Weights and Measures, 614-728-6290

State Laws & Incentives

Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Incentive
The Ohio Development Services Agency administers the Alternative Fuel Transportation Program (Program), which provides financial assistance to businesses, non-profit organizations, school districts, and local governments for the purchase and installation of alternative fueling, blending, and distribution facilities or terminals. For more information, see the Program website. (Reference Ohio Revised Code 122.075 and 125.831)

Point of Contact 
Preston Boone 
Energy Program Analyst 
Ohio Development Services Agency, Office of Community Assistance 
Phone: (614) 644-8864 
Fax: (614) 466-1864 


Alternative Fuel Vehicle Conversion Grant Program
In early 2017, the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency will administer a one-time, $5 million grant program to replace or convert Class 7 and Class 8 diesel or gasoline trucks to natural gas or propane trucks. Vehicles must be privately operated in Ohio at least 50% of the time. Maximum grant awards will be 50% of the fuel components of the new vehicle or 50% of the cost of the conversion parts, up to $25,000. Total grants to any recipient may not exceed $400,000. For more information, see the Alternative Fuel Vehicle Grants website. (Reference House Bill 390, 2016, and Ohio Revised Code 122.076)

Alternative Fuel Signage
The Ohio Turnpike Commission allows businesses to place their logos on directional signs within the right-of-way of state turnpikes. An alternative fuel retailer may include a marking or symbol within their logo indicating that it sells one or more types of alternative fuel. Alternative fuels are defined as E85, fuel blends containing at least 20% biodiesel (B20), natural gas, propane, hydrogen, or any fuel that the U.S. Department of Energy determines, by final rule, to be substantially not petroleum. For more information, see the Ohio Turnpike Commission website. (Reference Ohio Revised Code 125.831 and 5537.30)

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition and Fuel Use Requirements
With the exception of law enforcement vehicles, all newly acquired state agency vehicles must be capable of using an alternative fuel and must use the relevant alternative fuel if it is reasonably priced and available. Alternative fuel is defined as E85, fuel blends containing at least 20% biodiesel (B20), natural gas, propane, hydrogen, electricity, or any other fuel that the U.S. Department of Energy has determined is substantially not petroleum. State agencies must also meet the annual average fuel economy requirement set by the Ohio Department of Administrative Services on all passenger automobiles purchased. Law enforcement and emergency rescue work vehicles are exempt from this requirement. The Office of the Ohio Treasurer established a biodiesel revolving fund in which funds appropriated by the Ohio General Assembly can be used to pay for the incremental cost of biodiesel used in state owned or leased diesel vehicles. (Reference Ohio Revised Code123.01, 125.831-125.832, 125.834 and 125.836; and Executive Order(PDF) 2007-02)

Federal Incentives

Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit
(Originally expired 12/31/13 - retroactively extended through 12/31/16, by H.R. 2029) Fueling equipment for E85 installed between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016, is eligible for a tax credit of 30% of the cost, not to exceed $30,000. Station owners with multiple locations can use the credit towards each site. For more information about claiming the credit, see IRS Form 8911.

Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees
The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides grants and loan guarantees to rural (population less than 50K) small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. Eligible renewable energy systems include equipment used to distribute flexible fuels. The maximum grant funding is 25% of project costs and the maximum loan guarantee is $25 million. The program is funded through fiscal year 2018 but is subject to congressional appropriations thereafter. For more information, see the REAP website.

Point of Contact
Office of Rural Development, Business and Cooperative Programs
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Phone: (202) 690-4730

Ethanol plant direct E85/ethanol sales

Click here for a complete list of domestic ethanol producers and sales contacts for E85/direct ethanol sales

E15/Flex Fuel Profit Estimate
Average Retailer:
New gallons/$$/Mo E15 & Flex: 19,200 $3,200
New Customers/Mo:+2,132 
Additional Merch. Margin from above:$6,200
RINs not applied to reduce price:$930
Top Performing Retailer:
New gallons/$$/Mo E15 & Flex:45,500$7,600
New Customers/Mo:+5,056 
Additional Merch. Margin from above:$14,800
RINs not applied to reduce price:$2,600

Want to see what E15/Flex fuels could do for your operation?

Try out the E15/Flex fuel profit Estimator
A Roadmap for Ethanol cover

a roadmap for ethanol

You’re thinking about adding or switching to a new fuel grade on your product slate, and you’ve considered premium and diesel, because those are the fuels all station owners consider. But today, the market is different, and you’re curious about what E15, E85, and other flex fuels could do for your business. Good move.

Download the Full Guide