North Dakota

POPULATION (2015): 756,927




Maximum E85 use:116 Million GPY
FFVs in use:99,274
E85 stations:42
Flex Station implied demand:+33
Maximum E15 use:375 Million GPY
EPA approved E15 vehicles:664,633
E15 Station implied demand:+357

Fuel specifications



Reid Vapor Pressure:

All retailers are required to sell 9.0 psi RVP gasoline from June 1-September 15.

Contact information for key state regulatory agencies

Department of Weights and Measures, 701-328-2400

State Laws & Incentives


Ethanol Production Incentive

The Ethanol Production Incentive provides qualified ethanol producers with quarterly payments based on production volume during times when ethanol prices are unusually low and/or corn prices are unusually high. If an ethanol production facility was in operation in North Dakota before July 1, 1995, it is eligible to receive incentive payments if that facility increases its production by 10 million gallons or 50% of its production capacity, whichever is less, during any 12-month period. The incentive amount is based on the average North Dakota wholesale ethanol price for the preceding quarter and the average North Dakota corn price for the preceding quarter. The total cumulative incentive available to all eligible producers in any single year is $1.6 million. A single eligible facility may not receive payments for longer than 10 years or more than $10 million in incentive payments over the life of the facility. For more information, see the North Dakota Department of Commerce Ethanol Production Incentive website. (Reference North Dakota Century Code 17-02)

Point of Contact 
Lori Nitsch 
Grants and Contracts Officer 
North Dakota Department of Commerce 
Phone: (701) 328-2693 

Biofuel Loan Program
The Biofuels Partnership in Assisting Community Expansion (PACE) Loan Program provides an interest buy down of up to 5% below the note rate to biodiesel, ethanol, or green diesel production facilities; livestock operations feeding by-products produced at a biodiesel, ethanol, or green diesel facility; and grain handling facilities which provide storage of grain used in biofuels production. Qualified biodiesel, ethanol, and green diesel production facilities located in North Dakota may receive up to $500,000 of interest buy down for the purchase, construction, or expansion of a production facility, or the purchase or installation of equipment at the facility. A biodiesel production facility must produce fuel that is comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oil or animal fats and that meets ASTM specification D6751. An ethanol production facility must produce agriculturally-derived denatured ethanol that is suitable for blending with a petroleum product for use in internal combustion engines. A green diesel production facility must produce fuel from renewable resources that meets applicable ASTM specifications. Loan terms vary based on the project type, and recipients of Biofuels PACE loans are not eligible for regular PACE loans. For more information, please see the Biofuels PACE Program website. (Reference North Dakota Century Code 17-03 and 57-43.2-01)

Alternative Fuel Labeling Requirements
Alternative fuel retailers must label retail dispensing units with the price, name, and main components of the alternative fuel or alternative fuel blend being sold. The labeling must follow established labeling specifications for petroleum-based fuels. An alternative fuel producer may provide the retailer with a label promoting the benefits of the alternative fuel if the label meets the specified requirements. Alternative fuel is defined as a fuel used in an engine or vehicle other than a petroleum-based fuel, including biodiesel and green diesel. Alcohol fuel blends containing at least 1% of alcohol by volume must also be clearly labeled at the dispenser and on any price advertisements. (Reference North Dakota Century Code19-10-03.1 and 19-10-03.3)

Renewable Fuels Promotion
Recognizing that biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel will be an important part of the state's energy economy and advanced research in biofuels production from biomass will be critical to the long-term viability of biofuels, the North Dakota Legislature adopted the goal that 25% of the nation's energy consumption will come from renewable sources by the year 2025. (Reference North Dakota Century Code 17-01-01)

Federal Incentives

Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit
(Originally expired 12/31/13 - retroactively extended through 12/31/16, by H.R. 2029) Fueling equipment for E85 installed between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016, is eligible for a tax credit of 30% of the cost, not to exceed $30,000. Station owners with multiple locations can use the credit towards each site. For more information about claiming the credit, see IRS Form 8911.

Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees
The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides grants and loan guarantees to rural (population less than 50K) small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. Eligible renewable energy systems include equipment used to distribute flexible fuels. The maximum grant funding is 25% of project costs and the maximum loan guarantee is $25 million. The program is funded through fiscal year 2018 but is subject to congressional appropriations thereafter. For more information, see the REAP website.

Point of Contact
Office of Rural Development, Business and Cooperative Programs
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Phone: (202) 690-4730

Ethanol plant direct E85/ethanol sales

Click here for a complete list of domestic ethanol producers and sales contacts for E85/direct ethanol sales

E15/Flex Fuel Profit Estimate
North Dakota
Average Retailer:
New gallons/$$/Mo E15 & Flex: 16,200 $2,700
New Customers/Mo:+1,797 
Additional Merch. Margin from above:$5,200
RINs not applied to reduce price:$780
Top Performing Retailer:
New gallons/$$/Mo E15 & Flex:38,400$6,400
New Customers/Mo:+4,262 
Additional Merch. Margin from above:$12,400
RINs not applied to reduce price:$2,200

Want to see what E15/Flex fuels could do for your operation?

Try out the E15/Flex fuel profit Estimator
A Roadmap for Ethanol cover

a roadmap for ethanol

You’re thinking about adding or switching to a new fuel grade on your product slate, and you’ve considered premium and diesel, because those are the fuels all station owners consider. But today, the market is different, and you’re curious about what E15, E85, and other flex fuels could do for your business. Good move.

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