POPULATION (2015): 6,828,065
REGISTERED CARS & LIGHT TRUCKS: 5,386,055
ANNUAL GAS CONSUMPTION (2014): 2.7 Billion GPY
TOTAL RETAIL STATIONS: 1,672
The state requires Arizona Cleaner Burning Gasoline (ACBG) year round in Maricopa County and parts of Yavapai and Pinal counties, and from May 1-September 30 in the western half of Pinal County (Phoenix metro area). From November 1-March 31, ACBG specifications require CARB Phase 2 RFG and either CARB Phase 2 RFG or Federal RFG for the rest of the year. A minimum fuel oxygenate requirement is in effect from November 1-March 31.
Other rules for ACBG include a 7.0 psi RVP from June 1-September 30 at the retail level, and a 9.0 psi RVP from October 1-May 31 (10 psi RVP is permitted only during the month of April). The Tucson metro region has a minimum fuel oxygenate requirement from October 1-March 31.
While Arizona has no specific ban on E15, other regulations prevent the sale of E15 at this time.
Contact information for key state regulatory agencies
Arizona Department of Weights and Measures, 602-542-5729
State Laws & Incentives
State Vehicle Acquisition and Fuel Use Requirements
Arizona state agencies, boards, and commissions must purchase hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), or vehicles that meet set greenhouse gas emissions standards; or use alternative fuels. At least 75% of light-duty state fleet vehicles operating in counties with a population of more than 250,000 people must be capable of operating on alternative fuels. If the AFVs operate in counties with populations of more than 1.2 million people, those vehicles must meet U.S. Environmental Protection Agency emissions standards for Low Emission Vehicles. Alternatively, the state fleet may meet AFV acquisition requirements through biodiesel or alternative fuel use or apply for waivers. For the purpose of these requirements, alternative fuels include propane, natural gas, electricity, hydrogen, qualified diesel fuel substitutes, E85, and a blend of hydrogen with propane or natural gas. (Reference Arizona Revised Statutes 41-803).
Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit
(Originally expired 12/31/13 - retroactively extended through 12/31/16, by H.R. 2029) Fueling equipment for E85 installed between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016, is eligible for a tax credit of 30% of the cost, not to exceed $30,000. Station owners with multiple locations can use the credit towards each site. For more information about claiming the credit, see IRS Form 8911.
Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees
The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides grants and loan guarantees to rural (population less than 50K) small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. Eligible renewable energy systems include equipment used to distribute flexible fuels. The maximum grant funding is 25% of project costs and the maximum loan guarantee is $25 million. The program is funded through fiscal year 2018 but is subject to congressional appropriations thereafter. For more information, see the REAP website.
Point of Contact
Office of Rural Development, Business and Cooperative Programs
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Phone: (202) 690-4730
Ethanol plant direct E85/ethanol sales
Current ACE members that offer E85/direct ethanol sales in this state include:
Pinal Energy (Maricopa)
Keith Kor, Phone: 520-483-1780
Click here for a complete list of domestic ethanol producers and sales contacts for E85/direct ethanol sales
AVG STATION (133,000 GPM)