West Virginia

POPULATION (2015): 1,844,128




Maximum E85 use:131 Million GPY
FFVs in use:191,711
E85 stations:29
Flex Station implied demand:+119
Maximum E15 use:652 Million GPY
EPA approved E15 vehicles:1,193,989
E15 Station implied demand:+811

Fuel specifications



Reid Vapor Pressure:

Retailers across the state sell 9.0 psi RVP gasoline from June 1-September 15.

Contact information for key state regulatory agencies

Office of Weights and Measures, 304-722-0602

State Laws & Incentives

Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Credit
An income tax credit is available to eligible taxpayers who convert a vehicle to operate as a dedicated or bi-fuel natural gas or propane vehicle or who purchase a new original equipment manufacturer dedicated or bi-fuel natural gas or propane vehicle. The value of the tax credit is 35% of the vehicle purchase price or 50% of the vehicle conversion cost, up to $7,500 for vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) up to 26,000 pounds (lbs.) and up to $25,000 for vehicles with a GVWR greater than or equal to 26,000 lbs. This tax credit expires December 31, 2017. (Reference West Virginia Code 11-6D)

Alternative Fuel Production Subsidy Prohibition
Incentives or subsidies from political subdivisions for the production of alternative fuels are prohibited by law, with exceptions for certain coal-based liquid fuels. (Reference West Virginia Code 8-27A-3 and 11-13D-3D)

Alternative Fuels Tax
Alternative fuels are subject to an excise tax at a rate of $0.205 per gasoline gallon equivalent, with a variable component equal to at least 5% of the average wholesale price of the fuel. (Reference West Virginia Code 11-14C-2, 11-14C-5, 11-14C-6a, 11-15A-13a, and 11-15-18b)

Alternative Fuel Use Requirement
West Virginia higher education governing boards must use alternative fuels to the maximum extent feasible. (Reference West Virginia Code 18B-5-9)

Federal Incentives

Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit
(Originally expired 12/31/13 - retroactively extended through 12/31/16, by H.R. 2029) Fueling equipment for E85 installed between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016, is eligible for a tax credit of 30% of the cost, not to exceed $30,000. Station owners with multiple locations can use the credit towards each site. For more information about claiming the credit, see IRS Form 8911.

Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees
The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides grants and loan guarantees to rural (population less than 50K) small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. Eligible renewable energy systems include equipment used to distribute flexible fuels. The maximum grant funding is 25% of project costs and the maximum loan guarantee is $25 million. The program is funded through fiscal year 2018 but is subject to congressional appropriations thereafter. For more information, see the REAP website.

Point of Contact
Office of Rural Development, Business and Cooperative Programs
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Phone: (202) 690-4730

Ethanol plant direct E85/ethanol sales

Click here for a complete list of domestic ethanol producers and sales contacts for E85/direct ethanol sales

E15/Flex Fuel Profit Estimate
West Virginia
Average Retailer:
New gallons/$$/Mo E15 & Flex: 12,400 $2,100
New Customers/Mo:+1,374 
Additional Merch. Margin from above:$4,000
RINs not applied to reduce price:$600
Top Performing Retailer:
New gallons/$$/Mo E15 & Flex:29,300$4,900
New Customers/Mo:+3,259 
Additional Merch. Margin from above:$9,500
RINs not applied to reduce price:$1,700

Want to see what E15/Flex fuels could do for your operation?

Try out the E15/Flex fuel profit Estimator
A Roadmap for Ethanol cover

a roadmap for ethanol

You’re thinking about adding or switching to a new fuel grade on your product slate, and you’ve considered premium and diesel, because those are the fuels all station owners consider. But today, the market is different, and you’re curious about what E15, E85, and other flex fuels could do for your business. Good move.

Download the Full Guide