POPULATION (2015): 4,425,092
REGISTERED CARS & LIGHT TRUCKS: 4,027,934
ANNUAL GAS CONSUMPTION (2014): 2.1 Billion GPY
TOTAL RETAIL STATIONS: 2,137
Northern-grade RFG is used in the following counties: Boone, Bullitt (in certain areas), Campbell, Jefferson, Kenton and Oldham (in certain areas).
In non-RFG counties, 9.0 psi RVP gasoline is required to be sold at the retail level from June 1-September 15.
Contact information for key state regulatory agencies
Department of Agriculture (Weights and Measures), 502-573-0282
State Laws & Incentives
Alternative Fuel Tax
An excise tax rate of 9% of the average wholesale price on a per gallon basis applies to all gasoline and special fuels (including ethanol) used to propel motor vehicles. Additionally, a highway motor fuel tax of $0.05 per gallon applies to gasoline, and $0.02 per gallon applies to all special fuels.
Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit
(Originally expired 12/31/13 - retroactively extended through 12/31/16, by H.R. 2029) Fueling equipment for E85 installed between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016, is eligible for a tax credit of 30% of the cost, not to exceed $30,000. Station owners with multiple locations can use the credit towards each site. For more information about claiming the credit, see IRS Form 8911.
Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees
The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides grants and loan guarantees to rural (population less than 50K) small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. Eligible renewable energy systems include equipment used to distribute flexible fuels. The maximum grant funding is 25% of project costs and the maximum loan guarantee is $25 million. The program is funded through fiscal year 2018 but is subject to congressional appropriations thereafter. For more information, see the REAP website.
Point of Contact
Office of Rural Development, Business and Cooperative Programs
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Phone: (202) 690-4730
Ethanol plant direct E85/ethanol sales
Click here for a complete list of domestic ethanol producers and sales contacts for E85/direct ethanol sales
AVG STATION (82,100 GPM)